A Query object itself defines intrinsically how data must be manipulated, containing inside all parameters required to execute the action.

// Swift
public protocol Query { }
// Kotlin
open class Query

Note that a Query must be independent of its data source. Calling a query MyNetworkActionQuery is wrong (use instead MyActionQuery) as queries must be abstracted from its source and can be potentially used in any DataSource.


// Swift
struct SearchQuery: Query {
    let text : String

// Searching in network
itemsNetworkDataSource.getAll(SearchQuery("lorem ipsum"))
// Searching in local storage
itemsStorageDataSource.getAll(SearchQuery("lorem ipsum"))
// Kotlin
class SearchQuery(val text: String): Query()

// Searching in network
itemsNetworkDataSource.getAll(SearchQuery("lorem ipsim"))
// Searching in local storage
itemsStorageDataSource.getAll(SearchQuery("lorem ipsim"))

Default implementations

  • VoidQuery: Empty query.
  • IdQuery<T>: Query by Id of type T.
  • IdsQuery<T>: Query containing a collection of Ids.
  • AllObjectsQuery: Generic query to define the action of manipulating all objects.
  • ObjectQuery<T>: A query containing an object of type T.
  • ObjectsQuery<T>: A query containing a collection of objects of type T.
  • PaginationQuery: Abstract pagnation query.
  • PaginationOffsetLimitQuery: Pagination query by offset and limit.

Using Queries in DataSources

Queries must be pro-actively supported in each DataSource implementation. A typical appearance of an implemented get method from a GetDataSource would be:

// Swift
func get(_ query: Query) -> Future<MyObject> {
    switch query.self {
    case let query as IdQuery<String>:
        return getObjectByIdMethod(id: query.id)
    case is MyCustomQuery:
        // ...
        query.fatalError(.get, self)
// Kotlin
override fun get(query: Query): Future<MyObject> = Future {
    when (query) {
        is KeyQuery -> {
          return getObjectByIdMethod(query.key)
        else -> notSupportedQuery()

Note the default: / else behavior. When using an unsupported query, an exception/fatalError is raised as this is an illegal call.

KeyQuery support

In order to create a key-value environment for data sources as in InMemoryDataSource<T>, DeviceStorageDataSource<T> or any custom implementation, there is the KeyQuery interface/protocol to implement:

// Swift
public protocol KeyQuery : Query {
    var key : String { get }
// Kotlin
open class KeyQuery(val key: String) : Query()

Only queries adopting this structure can be used in Key-Value based DataSources.

Note that the following default queries already have support for KeyQuery:

  • IdQuery<T>
  • IdsQuery<T>
  • AllObjectsQuery<T>

Custom queries must adopt this form to be used in Key-Value data sources. For example, returning to the top example SearchQuery:

// Swift
extension SearchQuery : KeyQuery {
    public var key : String { return text }
// Kotlin
class SearchQuery(val text: String): KeyQuery(text)